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12 Interesting Palace of Parliament Facts You Didn't Know

The magnificent Palace of Parliament in Bucharest, Romania, is the second-largest administrative building in the world, boasting impressive dimensions and a storied history. Built during the regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu, its sheer scale and opulence are sure to leave you in awe. Read on to learn some fascinating Palace of Parliament facts and make your visit even more enriching.

Interesting Palace of Parliament Bucharest facts

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

It is the heaviest and second-largest administrative building in the world.

Spanning an area of 365,000 square meters, the Palace of Parliament is the world's second-largest administrative building. Not only grand in size, it also boasts the distinction of being the heaviest building in the world, weighing about 4.098 million metric tons. The palace also holds the title of the most expensive administrative building ever constructed.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

The Palace of Parliament Bucharest has many names.

The imposing Palace of Parliament in Bucharest, Romania, is known by several names, reflecting its historical and political significance. Locally, it's often called the "People's House Bucharest" or "People's Palace Bucharest." Other names include the "Palace of the People," "House of the Republic," "Romanian Parliament", and "The Ceausescu Palace."

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

The Romanian Parliament building has immense functionality.

The Palace of Parliament serves multiple functions, including housing the Romanian Parliament, museums, and conference centers. Hosting the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, it offers exhibition halls and underground parking for 20,000 cars. With multiple stories below the ground, it even features nuclear bunkers and secret tunnels.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

The construction of the parliament building was very controversial.

The Palace of Parliament's construction incurred immense financial and social costs, estimated in billions of dollars. It displaced thousands of residents, leading to widespread discontent. The project razed entire neighborhoods overnight, displacing 40,000 people and demolishing 9,000 homes, along with historic monuments and churches.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

It is believed that the Romanian Parliament building is haunted.

Urban legends suggest the Palace of Parliament Bucharest is haunted by ghosts, reportedly seen in its corridors at night. Allegedly, they tamper with seals, whistles, or trigger security alarms. Stories from night staff claim these ghostly encounters began around a decade ago, adding an eerie dimension to the atmosphere of one of Europe's largest buildings.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

The architects adopted an innovative approach to architectural visualization.

For the construction of the Palace of Parliament, detailed foam models were made at a 1/1000 scale, showing the city of Bucharest with its streets, plazas, buildings, and landmarks. This innovative approach facilitated the Ceaușescu couple's understanding of architectural designs as they navigated the models and provided directives, resulting in frequent changes in designs.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

The building's maintenance comes at a high price.

Maintaining the Bucharest parliament building is no small feat. With its vast size and intricate architecture, the building requires substantial upkeep, costing more than 6 million euros annually. This includes preservation efforts to ensure the structural integrity of the building and the conservation of its lavish interiors.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

The building is visible from space!

The Palace of Parliament in Bucharest, Romania, is a behemoth of a building that's so massive it's said to be visible from space! Yes, you read that right! Its colossal size earns it a spot among rare structures like the Great Wall of China and the Pentagon, adding a certain appeal to it.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

The Palace of Parliament is still unfinished.

Despite its grand appearance, much of the Palace of Parliament remains unfinished since construction began in 1984. The basement levels, especially, lack completion, with vast raw concrete spaces. Workers are still adding tiles and decorations in some areas while other areas undergo refurbishment.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

A tremendous amount of effort went into its construction.

Approximately 100,000 workers were involved in constructing the People's Palace in Bucharest, with up to 20,000 working 24 hours a day in three shifts. Tragically, a considerable number of individuals lost their lives due to accidents. Furthermore, between 1984 and 1990, around 12,000 soldiers also contributed to the building efforts.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

An episode of the BBC Top Gear show was filmed inside the premises.

In 2009, the Palace of Parliament was featured on Top Gear in an episode called "Romanian GT Road Trip to Find the Transfagarasan Highway." The show's hosts raced through Bucharest, ending at the Palace of Parliament. After the race, the episode also showed the three of them driving through the Palace of the Parliament tunnels.

Palace of Parliament Bucharest Facts

There are secret underground tunnels beneath the building

Many secret tunnels were built on the commands of Nicolae Ceaușescu. Stretching 20 kilometers, they linked government buildings and residences equipped with direct military communication. Designed for Ceaușescu's safe passage from the Palace to the airport during emergencies, the tunnels couldn't aid him during the Romanian Revolution.




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Frequently asked questions about the Palace of Parliament Bucharest

Has the Palace of Parliament Bucharest won any awards or recognitions?

The Palace of Parliament Bucharest has been recognized as the world's second-largest administrative building and the world's heaviest building. It is also considered the most expensive administrative building ever constructed.

What are the must-visit points of interest in the Palace of Parliament Bucharest?

Must-visit points of interest in the Palace of Parliament Bucharest include the opulent Union Hall, the lavish Human Rights Hall, and the awe-inspiring National Museum of Contemporary Art. Don't miss the chance to explore the underground tunnels and see the panoramic view from one of the accessible balconies.

What are some interesting Romanian Parliament building facts?

There are many interesting Bucharest parliament building facts like it is visible from space due to its immense size. It's also rumored to be haunted, adding an intriguing element to its history. Its construction involved up to 100,000 workers and took over a decade to complete, and it features underground escape tunnels built for Nicolae Ceausescu.

When was the Palace of Parliament Bucharest built?

The construction of the Palace of Parliament in Bucharest started in 1984 during the communist regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu. Most of it was completed by 1997. However, it still remains unfinished.

How many visitors does the Palace of Parliament Bucharest attract annually?

The Palace of Parliament Bucharest attracts over 200,000 visitors annually.

Is there an entrance fee for the Palace of Parliament in Bucharest?

Yes, there is an entrance fee for visiting the Palace of Parliament. You can book your Palace of Parliament Bucharest tickets online in advance to secure your visit and avoid long queues on-site.